The lake is famous for the large number of – approximately 250 cichlid species (fishes from the family Cichlidae). 98% of the cichlid species are endemic (this means, that they live only there and nowhere else). Their evolution is visible for us directly in front of our eyes.
Tanganyika is the name of the East African territory that sprawls between the largest African lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika, after which it is named. Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in Africa (the maximal depth is 1.470m, average depth is 570m), it is the second largest Lake in Africa and it contains the most water of all African lakes. After the Baikal Lake it is the second deepest and bulkiest freshwater Lake. It expanse on an area of 34.000 square kilometres, it is 50 km wide and from north – south direction 645 km long (source: Wikipedia)